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www.alliance21.org > Proposal Papers > Workgroup on Governance and Citizenship

State and Development

Published in October 2001

The evidence is plain to see: neither the state nor the market alone is capable of building balanced societies that guarantee the values men and women need to live together. Globalization is easing governments away from absolute sovereignty, making them actors among others of global governance. The different directions explored in the State and Development Proposal Paper attempt to take into account a global overview of the action carried out by the state in interaction with every sphere of human life. Four directions for rethinking state action appear inevitable: the state as regulator, the state as an actor in economic development, the state as redistributor of wealth, the state in relation with different levels of governance.

The current crisis experienced by humankind (imbalance between the production and the division of wealth, the imbalance between human activity and the biosphere, etc.) comes down to a governance crisis, both at local level as well internationally. The state is the central link in this chain. Nonetheless, its form corresponds poorly to current needs, not just internationally, but also nationally. Interdependence among states has been growing for several decades; it is also growing between the local and the international levels. Thus, it is difficult for the state to reposition itself in this new landscape.
The governance crisis can be observed at all levels, from the local level with its incapacity to manage its territories in an integrated way, to the global level, with the difficulty of making it possible for a legitimate global governance to emerge in the face of market globalization. Neither centralized planning nor the state's disengagement, which has come from the groundswell of neoconservative opinion, have allowed a development model to emerge that is adapted to the needs of populations.

Coordinated by ...

- Delphine Astier

She is Student in Economy of the Development. She is Co-Coordinator of a group of students in "DESS" aiming to reanimate the workshop State and Development. She studies in Grenoble, France, the "DESS" "Management and Animation of the Development". She is interested by fair trade. She organized tastings of Max Havelaar coffee on the campus and participated in the activities of the NGO Artisans du Monde in Grenoble.


- Djeneba Ouadeba



- Melanie Sevin


- Monzon Traore


- Pierre Judet

Economist. Specialist of industrial development issues.
Sojourns in Tunisia, Senegal, Algeria and Thailand between 1957 and 1968. From 1968 to 1994, researcher and professor at the University of Social Sciences (Pierre Mendes-France) in Grenoble. Ex-director of the DES (graduate degree) "Economy and development", ex-director of the IREPD (Institute of Research in Economy - Production - Development). Numerous missions in North Africa (Tunisia), sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, East and South-East Asia (Korea, China) in the field of planning and industrial development for various international organizations, UNIDO, UNESCO, UNDP, ILO, OECD, and several governments. Director of numerous theses of French and foreign students.
Publication of numerous articles as well as several books ("Les Nouveaux Pays Industriels" - the newly industrialized countries, "Transfert de technologie et développement" - technology transfer and development...).
Currently Professor Emeritus, interested in the evolution of the state’s role in development within the context of globalization.


Topics Included

Africa . Asia . Americas . civil society . Europe . governance . market regulation . responsibility . state . sustainable development . world

Workgroup Papers

Go ! Conceiving Tomorrow’s City: What City Dwellers Say
Go ! Family Farmers Facing the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century
Go ! From the Conversion of the Arm Industries to the Search for Security
Go ! Land Policies and Land Reform
Go ! Law and Global Governance
Go ! Local Authorities or Local Facilitation
Go ! Principles of Governance for the Twenty-first Century
Go ! Redefining Global Governance to Meet the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century
Go ! Social Leaders in the Twenty-first Century: Challenges and Proposals
Go ! State and Development
Go ! The Military and Peace Building
Go ! The Territory, a Place of Relations: Toward a Community of Linkage and Sharing
Go ! The Troubled Waters of Traditional Fishing
Go ! Urban Violence

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