Forum for the Cross-evaluation of Proposals for a Responsible, Plural, and United World
(October 2002 - July 2003)
www.alliance21.org > Proposal Papers > Workgroup on Governance and Citizenship

State and Development

by Delphine Astier - Djeneba Ouadeba - Melanie Sevin - Pierre Judet - Monzon Traore -

The evidence is plain to see: neither the state nor the market alone is capable of building balanced societies that guarantee the values men and women need to live together. Globalization is easing governments away from absolute sovereignty, making them actors among others of global governance. The different directions explored in the State and Development Proposal Paper attempt to take into account a global overview of the action carried out by the state in interaction with every sphere of human life. Four directions for rethinking state action appear inevitable: the state as regulator, the state as an actor in economic development, the state as redistributor of wealth, the state in relation with different levels of governance.

The current crisis experienced by humankind (imbalance between the production and the division of wealth, the imbalance between human activity and the biosphere, etc.) comes down to a governance crisis, both at local level as well internationally. The state is the central link in this chain. Nonetheless, its form corresponds poorly to current needs, not just internationally, but also nationally. Interdependence among states has been growing for several decades; it is also growing between the local and the international levels. Thus, it is difficult for the state to reposition itself in this new landscape.
The governance crisis can be observed at all levels, from the local level with its incapacity to manage its territories in an integrated way, to the global level, with the difficulty of making it possible for a legitimate global governance to emerge in the face of market globalization. Neither centralized planning nor the state's disengagement, which has come from the groundswell of neoconservative opinion, have allowed a development model to emerge that is adapted to the needs of populations.

URL : www.alliance21.org/2003/article437.html
PUBLICATION DATE: 28 October 2001