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www.alliance21.org > Proposal Papers > Workgroup on Governance and Citizenship

Land Policies and Land Reform

Published in August 2001

Many conflicts in the world are still more or less directly related to the issue of land. They can be grouped into three categories: insecure access to land or its resources; iniquitous distribution of land; and the claims of social and ethnic groups to exercise power over a territory. This leads to three central questions: the right to secure access by users; access to land resources to achieve optimum economic and social conditions; and recognition of cultural and historic diversity.

The following are some of the proposals made to achieve these objectives:
- Rehabilitate agrarian reform as a necessary and primordial government policy in every country where the distribution of land is very unequal.
- Systematically seek to improve agrarian reform procedures, in order not to miss opportunities to benefit from political contexts for their implementation. This requires that farmers’ organizations play an active role.
- Set up policies to regulate land and property markets where inequalities are less prevalent and where the improvement of agrarian structures is required to modernize practices in small farms.
- Decentralize most of the mechanisms for managing individual land rights, by linking land registration and national registration systems with local ones (municipalities, farmers’ organizations, organizations of indigenous peoples, etc.).
- Set up territorial management authorities (considered as public property). Take into account multiple rights and the management of natural resources (wood, water, biodiversity).


Réseau Agricultures paysannes, sociétés et mondialisation (APM)
FPH, 38, rue Saint-Sabin, 75011 Paris

Coordinated by ...

- Michel Merlet

Interested in: Agro-Economy. Farmer organizations. Production systems. Agrarian histories. Institute of Research and Applications of Development Methods (IRAM). Association to Improve the Governance of the Earth, Water and the Natural Resources (AGTER)

Site - Institu de Recherches et d’Applications des Méthodes de Développement (IRAM)



Première partie en français - 496.6 kb -

Deuxième partie en français - 430 kb -

Troisième partie en français - 243.3 kb -

Topics Included

conflicts . agricultural policy . governance . law . local development . rural world . soils . state . world

Workgroup Papers

Go ! Conceiving Tomorrow’s City: What City Dwellers Say
Go ! Family Farmers Facing the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century
Go ! From the Conversion of the Arm Industries to the Search for Security
Go ! Land Policies and Land Reform
Go ! Law and Global Governance
Go ! Local Authorities or Local Facilitation
Go ! Principles of Governance for the Twenty-first Century
Go ! Redefining Global Governance to Meet the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century
Go ! Social Leaders in the Twenty-first Century: Challenges and Proposals
Go ! State and Development
Go ! The Military and Peace Building
Go ! The Territory, a Place of Relations: Toward a Community of Linkage and Sharing
Go ! The Troubled Waters of Traditional Fishing
Go ! Urban Violence

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