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Global Governance

Global Governance

The building of Europe: Some lessons for the future

This document is drawn from a meeting that took place on March 5 1996 at the Charles-Léopold Mayer Foundation for Human Progress (FPH). Present were six key figures in the early days of European construction and this meeting offered them the first opportunity for forty years to get together to talk over their memories. Present too at the meeting was Pierre Calame of FPH.


If we are looking for a reasonably democratic way of managing the world tomorrow, the solution lies in constituting a relatively small number of strong regional groups (less than ten) capable of both managing their own internal problems and interfacing with the others to manage the affairs that are common to humanity. In the last few decades the building of Europe has provided us with the most singular and striking, tangible political experience.
The history of Europe over the last fifty years shows that it is not utopian to attempt to manage interdependencies. Countries that were enemies yesterday, have shown that they could look beyond the scars of war, and overcome their mutual mistrust. Europe has managed to create an association of countries with very disparate standards of living without causing catastrophes. It has refused to surrender to pure market laws, and has created mechanisms for solidarity that have ultimately been accepted by even hard-line market economists. It has demonstrated that it was possible to create mechanisms for solidarity that enabled the safeguard and development of a civilization in search of a balance between individual freedoms and the common good. This too is the balance that is being sought after in other regions of the world.
But can the process of European construction can be transposed unchanged to other regions in the world? It would clearly be presumptuous to make such a claim. Yet many aspects of the European process hold a wealth of lessons for Europe's own future, can give new confidence and ambition to other regions in the world. The purpose of this essay is to isolate some of these lessons. It is divided into four chapters:
• conditions: the initial obstacles and assets in the building of Europe, and how these obstacles were momentarily weakened and the assets momentarily exploited;
• the process: how the European institutions were gradually developed by a combination of idealism and pragmatism;
• the art of implementation: how, around the personalities of Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman, the first were steps taken and, how, once the initial momentum had been lost, the process managed to keep going;
• some lessons for other regions in the world.
Documents


THE AUTHORS

Pierre Calame
Chairman, Charles Léopold Mayer Foundation for (...)
+ de 27 article(s)



Global Governance

-Other Documents
-Participants
-Proposal Paper
-Principles of Governance for the Twenty-first Century
-Processes and strategies for change
-Applications to various fields of activity
-Founding Principles
-Other documents
-Global Universal Service, a Role for NGOs
-Towards a Global Framework for Democratic Media


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