BACK TO THE GENERAL
2.2 MOST FAVOURABLY EVALUATED
GCP II. On National and Local
GCP 09. The State should be considered as a link
in the chain of governance: the role that the State should play
in development can no longer be considered as a strictly national
issue. We must abandon the idea of absolute sovereignty which is
now obsolete. The activities of multi-national corporations, transnational
trade and the economy on which international delinquency is based
are evidence against absolute sovereignty. There is a difference
between State representation and reality. (31.01.)
GCP 10. The State is inadequate and essential at
the same time, because issued are no longer considered in terms
of national intervention but in terms of adjustments between territorial
hierarchies because of the difference between the scale of the problems
(increasingly global) and the scale of competences (national territory,
where democracy is exercised) (Transborder co-operation on a regional
scale between different countries, world-wide environmental regulations).
GCP 11. At each level
of public representation, the accumulation of mandates must be strictly
limited or directly prohibited. In keeping with this same spirit,
the renewal of a mandate must be established as an exception which
can only be justified with an “exceptional” balance.
(Article suggested by a participant for proposal 04.)
GCP 12. The State is no longer the only responsible
public institution that affects public interest. The State is not
the only regulatory agent. The activities of a large number of private
organisations affect the public field (multinational corporations,
NGOs, etc.). It is also true that some States, under the influence
of private groups, are not working towards the common good. Therefore,
there is an urgent need to judge the private sector and the NGOs
by their impact and not by their objectives. The public and private
sectors are not opposing, but complementary, forces. (31.04.)
GCP 13. The State continues to be essential with
regards to solidarity and the redistribution of wealth. If the State
abandons its role as entrepreneur, it is with a view to reviewing
major social infrastructures: national solidarity, education, redistribution
of wealth, health care, education. It should co-operating and establishing
a real dialogue with civil society and with the agents in different
GCP 14. Development can not be purchased: it is
based on experience, personal abilities, learning and knowledge.
Development does not only imply building modern infrastructures,
industrial units and effective telecommunication systems. Development
is based primarily on the mobilisation of the population and the
assessment of its potential within a long-term global vision. Positive
development experiences have shown that anchorage to the past and
local experiences related to external activities create innovation-oriented
dynamics. These processes function when they are supported by the
GCP 15. Invent a “territorial” approach
in the fight against poverty and exclusion; encourage co-operation
between all the parties concerned by the territory together with
participation by all citizens (30.01.)
GCP 16. Go beyond technocratic management and sector-based
approach to territories, rediscover an integrated approach, and
develop co-operation and the tools of participation so that everyone
has an opportunity to express himself.
- Optimise a territorial approach to development.
- Promote liberty of association, thought, information and
expression, by all means available.
- Set up free elections - voting rights for all native persons
or persons who are durably established in the country.
- Recognise inhabitants’ rights to administer the resources
in their environment themselves.
- Set up conditions for participating in group decisions, for
each social group and each person concerned.
- Give support to real participation by all social groups including
the poor, insolvent and migrants.
- Enable diversity to express it, respecting minorities and
Pass from a delegation process to a co-operation
GCP 17. It is useful
to evoke the experience of the participatory budgets which are a
very interesting advance in the direct involvement of the inhabitants
in directing city affairs. But there are many other experiences
which must be the source of learning and several method elements
to adapt them to the very different and complex realities of the
different countries. (Article suggested by a participant
for proposal 05.)
GCP 18. Make exchange fluxes inside and outside
territories transparent and discover indicators that are more reliable
than the GNP.
- Draw up eco-balances for all consumed objects and materials.
- Develop territory piloting systems for controlling the use
of natural goods and consumption.
- Implicate citizens in defining local indicators and objectives.
- Develop independent expertise.
- Develop comparative indicators (local/local and local/global.)
- Develop quality of life indicators (30.08.)
GCP 19. For a better quality of life: produce,
dialogue, travel and consume differently by respecting eco-systems
and cultures. (30.09.)
GCP 20. For better local roots and consuming in
a way more compatible with natural environment.
- Give priority to satisfying local requirements.
- Introduce the efficiency revolution: reduce the proportion
of raw matter per article
- Optimise heritages of the past, notably knowledge and expertise.
- Products adapted to local beliefs, to local customs, traditions,
culture and religion.
- Stop investing which give no support to forms of local development
and which don’t have their roots in existing structures.
- Equitable work conditions. Fair prices and fair wages.
- Production in harmony with the seasons, and differences in
climate and in crops.
- Recognise immaterial needs in industrialised societies and
stop replacing them by merchandise.
- Consume responsibly.
- A vocation for southern continents areas, more than merely
feeding the inhabitants of the North- dwellers and keeping them
- Ecology and urban agriculture.
- Control over the big companies: seeds, territorial enclaves,
labour em ployment conditions.
- Reduction in monocultures and exporting crops just to earn
foreign cur rency.
- Stop producing harmful drugs intended for traffic.
- Ecological limits to means of transport and a reduction of
its pollution: consume local products, pro mote public transport
and developments for pedestrians, cyclists, trams…
- Provide access to mobility for all social levels (30.10.)
GCP 21. Demands made on companies to adapt themselves
to a system of social dialogue.
- The company as a participant in local contexts and not solely
as a place for economic production.
- Efficiency and ethical, ecological and social responsibility
for companies and communities
- Interdependence of productive, social and cultural sectors
- Cultivate sharing and exchanging
- Halt speculation and all means of becoming richer that are
not connected to productive work.
- Put a brake on virtually activities and sales of needless
products. Re quirements clause.
- Ban advertising. Reduce the influence of fashion.
- Durability of products. Repairing. Recycling.
- Put a brake on company nomadism. (30.20.)